شناسایی ویژگیهای انسان سالم در مقام دفاعی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

2 خوارزمی

چکیده

در این پژوهش به دنبال مقدمه‌چینی برای رسیدن به مفاهیم و الگویی هستیم تا سلامت روان افرادی مفهوم‌پردازی شود که در حوزه‌های نظامی و دفاعی هستند. به همین منظور با استفاده از روش پژوهش تحلیل محتوا، متون و پژوهشهای دفاعی و نظامی، مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. نمونه‌گیری از پژوهشهایی بود که در دسترس پژوهشگر در زمینه‌های دفاعی و نظامی قرار می‌گرفت تا بتواند با بررسی هر چه بیشتر متون به یافته‌های بیشتری دست پیدا کند. در نهایت 58 مقاله پژوهشی داخلی و خارجی به عنوان نمونه نهایی انتخاب شد. در ادامه نیز بررسی متون، توسط پنج نفر صاحبنظر دیگر در زمینه‌های نظامی و سلامت روان، صورت گرفت و مؤلفه‌های استخراج شده بر اساس آماره کاپا مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت. سرانجام عوامل الگوی مفهومی برای تبیین انسان سالم در مقام دفاعی در سه حوزه آسیب‌شناسی، مثبت‌گرایی و نگرشی به این شرح گزارش شد: آسیب‌شناسی (اضطراب، افسردگی، پارانویا، وسواس، خودشیفتگی)؛ مثبت‌گرا (مثبت نگری، سلامت جنسی، بهزیستی معنوی، بهزیستی اجتماعی)؛ ابعاد نگرش (نگرش به شغل، نگرش به اعتیاد).

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